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poisscdf

Poisson cumulative distribution function

Syntax

p = poisscdf(x,lambda)
p = poisscdf(x,lambda,'upper')

Description

p = poisscdf(x,lambda) returns the Poisson cdf at each value in x using the corresponding mean parameters in lambda. x and lambda can be vectors, matrices, or multidimensional arrays that have the same size. A scalar input is expanded to a constant array with the same dimensions as the other input. The parameters in lambda must be positive.

p = poisscdf(x,lambda,'upper') returns the complement of the Poisson cdf at each value in x, using an algorithm that more accurately computes the extreme upper tail probabilities.

The Poisson cdf is

p=F(x|λ)=eλi=0floor(x)λii!

Examples

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For example, consider a Quality Assurance department that performs random tests of individual hard disks. Their policy is to shut down the manufacturing process if an inspector finds more than four bad sectors on a disk. What is the probability of shutting down the process if the mean number of bad sectors (λ) is two?

probability = 1-poisscdf(4,2)
probability =
  0.0527

About 5% of the time, a normally functioning manufacturing process produces more than four flaws on a hard disk.

Suppose the average number of flaws (λ) increases to four. What is the probability of finding fewer than five flaws on a hard drive?

probability = poisscdf(4,4)
probability =
  0.6288

This means that this faulty manufacturing process continues to operate after this first inspection almost 63% of the time.

Introduced before R2006a


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